动词

动词(Verb),就是用来形容或表示各类动作的词汇。基本上每个完整的句子都有一个动词,要表示第二个动作时可使用不定词、动名词、对等连接词、从属连接词或增加子句等方法连结。 突跃,突击,突袭等描述动作过程均属动词。时态是英语谓语动词的一种形式,表示动作发生的时间和所处的状态.英语中的时态是通过动词形式本身的变化来实现的.英语有16种时态,但中学阶段较常用的有十种:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,过去将来时,现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时,过去完成时,现 在完成时和现 在完成进行时.

编辑摘要

目录

动词 - 定义

动词是表示动作、行为、心理活动或存在、变化、消失等的词,如:去、看、保护、恨、想、讨厌、在、发生、消失、能、能够、应该、肯、进、出、上、下。

动词 - 相关时态

时态是英语谓语动词的一种形式,表示动作发生的时间和所处的状态.英语中的时态是通过动词形式本身的变化来实现的.英语有16种时态,但中学阶段较常用的有十种:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,过去将来时,现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时,过去完成时,现 在完成时和现 在完成进行时.

时态一致

1) 如果从句所叙述的为真理或不变的事实,则永远用现 在时。

At that time,people did not know that the earth moves.

He told me last week that he is eighteen.

2)宾语从句中的助动词ought,need,must,dare 时态是不变的。

He thought that I need not tell you the truth.

时态与时间状语

时间状语

一般现在时every …,sometimes,at+时间,on+时间

一般过去时yesterday,last+时间,时间+ago,the other day,in+过去的时间,just now

一般将来时next+时间,tomorrow,in+将来的时间,

现在完成时for,since,so far,ever,never,just,yet,till/until,up to now,in past+时间,already,recently

过去完成时before,by,until,when,after,once,as soon as

过去进行时this morning,the whole morning,all day,yesterday,from+时间 to+时间 last +时间… when,while

将来进行时soon,tomorrow,this evening,on+时间,by this time,in+将来的时间,tomorrow evening,this coming Sunday

一般现在时的用法

1) 表示经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。

时间状语:every…,sometimes,at…,on Sunday,always,every day,usually,seldom

I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 在时间和条件状语中代替将来、表示按规定将要发生的事情(动作)状态和感觉的动作

If you come does aftornoon,we will have a meeting.

3) 表示格言或警句中。

Pride goes before a fall.骄者必败。

注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..

4) 现 在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。

I don't want so much.

Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.

比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup.

I am doing my homework now.

第一句用一般现在时,用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作,表示言行的瞬间动作。再如:Now watch me,I switch on the current and stand back. 第二句中的now是进行时的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用现在进行时。

一般过去时的用法

1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。

时间状语有:yesterday,last week,an hour ago,the other day,in 1982等。

Where did you go just now

2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

When I was a child,I often played football in the street.

Whenever the Browns went during their visit,they were given a warm welcome.

3)句型:

It is time for sb. to do sth"到……时间了""该……了"

It is time sb. did sth. "时间已迟了""早该……了"

It is time for you to go to bed.你该睡觉了。

It is time you went to bed.你早该睡觉了。

would (had) rather sb. did sth.表示'宁愿某人做某事'

I'd rather you came tomorrow.

4) wish,wonder,think,hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等。

I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

比较:

一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。

Christine was an invalid all her life.

(含义:她已不在人间。)

Christine has been an invalid all her life.

(含义:她现 在还活着)

Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.

(含义:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)

Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.

(含义:现 在还住在肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去)

注意:用过去时表示现 在,表示委婉语气。

1)动词want,hope,wonder,think,intend 等。

Did you want anything else

I wondered if you could help me.

2)情态动词 could,would.

Could you lend me your bike?

used to / be used to

used to + do:"过去常常"表示过去习惯性的动作或状态,但如今已不存在。

Mother used not to be so forgetful.

be used to + doing:对……已感到习惯,或"习惯于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。

He is used to a vegetarian diet.

Scarf is used to taking a walk.(现 在习惯于散步)

一般将来时

1)shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。

will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在争求意见时常用于第二人称。

Which paragraph shall I read first.

Will you be at home at seven this evening

2)be going +不定式,表示将来。

a.主语的意图,即将做某事。

What are you going to do tomorrow

b. 计划,安排要发生的事。

The play is going to be produced next month。

c. 有迹象要发生的事

Look at the dark clouds,there is going to be a storm.

3)be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。

We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

4)be about +不定式,意为马上做某事。

He is about to leave for Beijing.

注意:be about to 不能与tomorrow,next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

be going to / will

用于条件句时, be going to表将来

will表意愿

If you are going to make a journey,you'd better get ready for it as soon as possible.

Now if you will take off your clothes,we will fit the new clothes on you in front of the mirror.

be to和be going to

be to 表示客观安排或受人指示而做某事。

be going to 表示主观的打算或计划。

I am to play football tomorrow afternoon.(客观安排)

I'm going to play football tomorrow afternoon. (主观安排)

一般现在时表将来

1)下列动词:come,go,arrive,leave,start,begin,return的一般现在时表将来。这主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。

The train leaves at six tomorrow morning.

When does the bus start? It starts in ten minutes.

2)倒装句,表示动作正在进行,如:

Here comes the bus. = The bus is coming.

There goes the bell. = The bell is ringing.

3)在时间或条件句中。

When Bill comes (不是will come),ask him to wait for me.

I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there.

4)在动词hope,take care that,make sure that等后。

I hope they have a nice time next week.

Make sure that the windows are closed before you leave the room.

用现在进行时表示将来

意为:"意图"、"打算"、"安排"、常用于人。常用词为 come,go,start,arrive,leave,stay等。

I'm leaving tomorrow.

Are you staying here till next week

现在完成时

现在完成时用来表示之前已发生或完成的动作或状态,其结果的确和现 在有联系。动作或状态发生在过 去但它的影响现 在还存在;也可表示持续到现 在的动作或状态。其构成:have (has) +过去分词。

用于现在完成时的句型

1)It is the first / second time…. that…结构中的从句部分,用现在完成时。

It is the first time that I have visited the city.

It was the third time that the boy have been late.

2)This is the… that…结构,that从句要用现在完成时.

This is the best film that I've (ever) seen.

这是我看过的最好的电影。

This is the first time (that) I've heard him sing.这是我第一次听他唱歌。

3)最基本句型

主语+have/has+(already/just)+动词的过去分词+其他

比较since和for

Since 用来说明动作起始时间,for用来说明动作延续时间长度。

I have lived here for more than twenty years.

I have lived here since I was born..

My aunt has worked in a clinic since 1949.

Some new oilfields have been opened up since 1976.

I have known Xiao Li since she was a little girl.

My brother has been in the Youth League for two years.

I have not heard from my uncle for a long time.

注意:并非有for 作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时。

I worked here for more than twenty years.

(我现 在已不在这里工作。)

I have worked here for many years.

(现 在我仍在这里工作。)

小窍门:当现在完成时+一段时间,这一结构中,我们用下面的公式转化,很容易就能排除非延续动词在完成时中的误使。

1)(对) Tom has studied Russian for three years.

= Tom began to study Russian three years ago,and is still studying it now.

2)(错) Harry has got married for six years.

= Harry began to get married six years ago,and is still getting married now.

显然,第二句不对,它应改为 Harry got married six years ago.或 Harry has been married for six years.

since的四种用法

1) since +过去一个时间点(如具体的年、月、日期、钟点、1980,last month,half past six)。

I have been here since 1989.

2) since +一段时间+ ago

I have been here since five months ago.

3) since +从句

Great changes have taken place since you left.

Considerable time has elapsed since we have been here.

4) It is +一段时间+ since从句

It is two years since I became a postgraduate student.

5)since和for

在现在完成时态,since后面加时间点,for后面加时间段。

延续动词与瞬间动词

1) 用于完成时的区别

延续动词表示经验、经历;瞬间动词表示行为的结 果,不能与表示段的时间状语连用。

He has completed the work.他已完成了那项工作。(表结果)

I've known him since then.我从那时起就认识他了。(表经历)

2)用于till / until从句的差异

延续动词用于肯定句,表示"做……直到……" 瞬间动词用于否定句,表示"到……,才……"

He didn't come back until ten o'clock.

他到10 点才回来。

He slept until ten o'clock.

他一直睡到10点。

过去完成时

1) 概念:表示动作发生在过去,并在过去完成(即是常说的过去的过去)。

用一示意图表示如下:

动作发生

------|----------------|----------|---->

过去的过去 过去 现 在

其基本构成是:had+动词过去分词。

2) 用法

a.在told,said,knew,heard,thought等动词后的宾语从句。

She said (that) she had never been to Paris.

b.状语从句

在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。

When the police arrived,the thieves had run away.

c. 表示意向的动词,如hope,wish,expect,think,intend,mean,suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"

We had hoped that you would come,but you didn't.

3)过去完成时的时间状语before,by,until,when,after,once,as soon as。

He said that he had learned some English before.

By the time he was twelve,Edison had began to make a living by himself.

Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.

注意:had no … when还没等…… 就……

had no sooner… than刚…… 就……

He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.

将来完成时

1) 构成是由"shall/will + have +过去分词"构成的。

a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。

b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或已获得的经验。

They will have been married for 20 years by then.

You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.

现在进行时

现在进行时的基本用法:

a. 表示现 在(指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。

We are waiting for you.

b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。

Mr. Green is writing another novel.

(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.

c. 表示渐变的动词有:get,grow,become,turn,run,go,begin等。

The leaves are turning red.

It's getting warmer and warmer.

d. 与always,constantly,forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。

You are always changing your mind.

不用进行时的动词

1) 事实状态的动词

have,belong,possess,cost,owe,exist,include,contain,matter,weigh,measure,continue

I have two brothers.

This house belongs to my sister.

2) 心理状态的动词

Know,realize,think see,believe,suppose,imagine,agree,recognize,remember,want,need,forget,prefer,mean,understand,love,hate

I need your help.

He loves her very much.

⒊) 瞬间动词

accept,receive,complete,finish,give,allow,decide,refuse.

I accept your advice.

4) 系动词

seem,remain,lie,see,hear,smell,feel,taste,get,become,turn

You seem a little tired.

过去进行时

1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

2)过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。

3) 常用的时间状语

this morning,the whole morning,all day yesterday,from nine to ten last evening,when,while

将来进行时

1) 概念:表示将来某时进行的状态或动作,或按预测将来会发生的事情。

She'll be coming soon.

I'll be meeting him sometime in the future.

注意:将来进行时不用于表示"意志",不能说 I'll be having a talk with her.

2)常用的时间状语

Soon,tomorrow,this evening,on Sunday,by this time,tomorrow,in two days,tomorrow evening

By this time tomorrow,I'll be lying on the beach.

动词 - 语态的注意事项

不用被动语态的情况

1) 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态:

appear,die disappear,end (vi. 结束),fail,happen,last,lie,remain,sit,spread,stand

break out,come true,fall asleep,keep silence,lose heart,take place.

After the fire,very little remained of my house.

比较:rise,fall,happen是不及物动词;raise,seat是及物动词。

(错) The price has been risen.

(对) The price has risen.

(错) The accident was happened last week.

(对) The accident happened last week.

要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。

2) 不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语:

fit,have,hold,marry,own,wish,cost,notice,watch agree with,arrive at / in,shake hands with,succeed in,suffer from,happen to,take part in,walk into,belong to

This key just fits the lock.

Your story agrees with what had already been heard.

3) 系动词无被动语态:

appear,be become,fall,feel,get,grow,keep,look,remain,seem,smell,sound,stay,taste,turn

It sounds good.

4) 带同源宾语的及物动词,反身代词,相互代词,不能用于被动语态:

die,death,dream,live,life

She dreamed a bad dream last night.

5) 当宾语是不定式时,很少用于被动语态。

(对) She likes to swim.

(错) To swim is liked by her.

主动形式表示被动意义

1)wash,clean,cook,iron,look,cut,sell,read,wear,feel,draw,write,sell,drive…

The book sells well.这本书销路好。

This knife cuts easily.这刀子很好用。

2)blame,let(出租),remain,keep,rent,build

I was to blame for the accident.

Much work remains.

3) 在need,require,want,worth (形容词),deserve后的动名词必须用主动形式。

The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.

This room needs cleaning. 这房间应该打扫一下。

This book is worth reading.这本书值得一读。

4) 特殊结构:make sb. heard / understood (使别人能听见/理解自己),have sth. done ( 要某人做某事)。

被动形式表示主动意义

be determined,be pleased,be graduated (from),be finished,be prepared (for),be occupied (in),get marries

He is graduated from a famous university.

他毕业于一所有名的大学。

注意:表示同某人结婚,用marry sb. 或get married to sb. 都可。

He married a rich girl.

He got married to a rich girl.

need/want/require/worth

注意:当 need,want,require,worth(形容词)后面接doing也可以表示被动。

Your hair wants cutting.你的头发该理了。

The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。

The book is worth reading.这本书值得一读。

被动语态更多介绍

一、 被动语态的用法:

1. 一般现在时的被动语态构成:is / am / are + 及物动词的过去分词

Our classroom is cleaned everyday.

I am asked to study hard.

Knives are used for cutting things.

2. 一般过去时的被动语态构成:was / were + 及物动词的过去分词

A new shop was built last year.

Dinosaur eggs were laid long long ago.

3. 现在完成时的被动语态构成:has / have + been + 及物动词的过去分词

This book has been translated into many languages.

Many man-made satellites have been sent up into space by many countries.

4. 一般将来时的被动语态构成:will+ be + 及物动词的过去分词

A new hospital will be built in our city.

Many more trees will be planted next year.

5. 含有情态动词的被动语态构成:情态动词+ be + 及物动词的过去分词

Young trees must be watered often.

Your mistakes should be corrected right now.

The door may be locked inside.

Your homework can be handed in tomorrow.

6. 现在进行时的被动语态构成:am / is / are + being + 及物动词的过去分词

Uncle Wang is mending my bike now.→

My bike is being repaired by Tom now.

They are planting trees over there. →

Trees are being planted over there by them.

7. 不定式的被动语态:to + be + 及物动词的过去分词

There are two books to be read. →

There are twenty more trees to be planted.

二、 怎样把主动语态改成被动语态?

把主动语态改为被动语态非常简单,可以遵循以下几个步骤:

1. 先找出谓语动词;

2. 再找出谓语动词后的宾语;

3. 把宾语用作被动语态中的主语;

4. 注意人称、时态和数的变化。

例:1. Bruce writes a letter every week. →A letter is written by Bruce every week.

2. Li Lei mended the broken bike this morning.→The broken bike was mended by Li Lei this morning.

3. He has written two novels so far.→Two novels have been written by him so far.

4. They will plant ten trees tomorrow.→Ten trees will be planted by them tomorrow.

5. Lucy is writing a letter now.→A letter is being written by Lucy now.

6. You must lock the door when you leave.→the door must be locked when you leave.

三、 使用被动语态应注意的几个问题:

1. 不及物动词无被动语态。

What will happen in 100 years

The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago.

2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。

This pen writes well.

This new book sells well.

3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动语态中不带to ,但变为被动语态时,须加上to。

例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something

see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something

A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by.

The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss.

4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词,这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。

He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him.

He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him.

My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father.

5. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。

We can’t laugh him. →He can’t be laugh by us.

He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day.

动词的分类

动词分为五种:记物动词,不及物动词,连系动词,助动词和情态动词

1.及物动词:是指后面需要使用宾语是其意义完整的动词.

如:那条狗是这个孩子高兴起来。That dog makes the boy happy.

2.不及物动词:是指后面不需要宾语而意义完整的动词

如: 我住在北京. I live in Beijing.

3.连系动词:一个表示谓语关系的动词,后面必须接表语(通常为名词或形容词)一起使用。

最主要的联系动词是"be (am is are)". 其他常用的连系动词还有:seem 似乎 look 看起来 appear 好象 become 变成 keep 保持 get (成为)

如:他是一位好教师。He is a good teacher.

这花很好闻。The flower smells good.

4.助动词:是指用来帮助主要动词完成语法功能的动词。这类动词本身没有意义,不能单独作谓语。他们可以在句中与实义动词一起帮助构成疑问句,否定句,进行时态,完成时态和将来时态。

助动词有:

Be (构成进行时) 如:我正在读书。I am reading a book.

Do (构成疑问句,否定句) 如:你喜欢苹果吗?不,我不喜欢。Do you like apple? No,I don’t.

Have (构成完成时态) 如:我明天来看你。I will come to se you tomorrow.

5.情态动词:是指表示说话人的语气或者情态的动词。情态动词没有人称和数的变化,词义不完全 在句中不能单独作谓语,必须与后面的动词原形合用。

我们常用的情态动词有:

Can (能,会) 如:I can swim. 我会游泳。

May (可以) 如:You may go now. 你现在可以走了。

Must (必须) 如:You must do your homework. 你必须写作业。

Need (需要) 如:He needs our help. 他需要我们的帮助。

二、动词的基本形式

绝大多数动词都有五种基本形式:动词原形、一般现在是第三人称单数、过去时、过去分词和现在分词。

A、 第三人称单数形式的构成

一般现在时主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词后要加s或es,其变化规则与名词变复数的方法大体相同:

1. 一般情况下只在动词后加s,如work-works,write-writes。

2. 以s,x,sh,ch结尾的动词,后加es,如guess-guesses,mix-mix,finish-finishes,catch-catches。

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,改y为i,如study-studies。

注:不规则变化的有have-has,be-are,go-goes,do-does等。

B、 现在分词的构成

1. 一般情况下在动词后加ing,如study-studying,work-working。

2. 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去“e”再加“ing”,如write-writing,move-moving。

3. 以一个元音字母和一个辅音结尾的重读音节结尾的动词,要双写最后字母再加“ing”,如get-getting,begin-beginning。

4. 以ie结尾的动词,一般将ie改为y,再加ing,如lie-lying,die-dying,tie-tying。

注:以I结尾的动词,尾音节重读时,双写I,如control-controlling;尾音节不重读时,双不双写都可以,如 travel-traveling(美)/travelling(英)。

C、过去式的构成

1. 一般情况直接加ed,如ask-asked,work-worked。

2. 以不发音的e结尾,只加d,如love-loved,dance-danced。

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾,把y改i,如try-tried,study-studied。

4. 以一个元音字母和一个辅音结尾的重读音节结尾的动词,先双末尾一个字母,再加ed,如stop-stopped,permit-permitted

动词 - 表格总结

类别
说明
例句
行为动词
Action Verbs
表示动作或状态,在句中能独立作谓语。
She has a new friend from Australia.
He takes the train every day.
He leaves for school at around seven.
连系动词
Link Verbs
不能独立作谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语。
He is popular in school.
Twins usually look the same.
Trees turn green in spring.
助动词
Auxiliary Verbs
不能独立作谓语,只能作主要动词一起构成谓语,表示否定、
疑问、时态或其他语法形式。
I don't want to go for adrive.(否定)
We are playing basketball.(进行时态)
Do you speak a little tomatoes ?(疑问)
情态动词
Modality Verbs
不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语,表示说话人
的语气情态。情态动词没有人称和数量的变化。
She can speak a little English.
You should drink more water.

动词 - 这是根据语境确定时态的一道妙题

请看题:

—Excuse me, sir. Smoking is not allowed here.

—Oh, sorry I __________.

A. don’t know B. didn’t know

C. haven’t known D. can’t know

【分析】此题应选 B。这是一道很好的测试时态的语境题。此题的情景是:一方提醒另一方不准抽烟,对方表示歉意并说自己不知道。这里的“不知道”显然是指对方“提醒”之前“不知道”(所以用过去时态);假若用一般现在时,则指在对方提醒之后还仍然不知道,这不是很荒唐吗?

在做时态试题时,要特别注意上下文的语境:

1. —We could have walked to the station; it was

so near.

—Yes. A taxi ________ at all necessary.

A. wasn’t B. hadn’t been

C. wouldn’t be D. won’t be

2. —Your phone number again? I ________ quite catch it.

—It’s 7226109.

A. didn’t B. couldn’t

C. don’t D. can’t

3. —Can I help you,sir?

—Yes. I bought this radio here yesterday,but

it _________ work.

A. didn’t B. won’t

C. can’t D. doesn’t

4. —Alice,why didn’t you come yesterday?

—I _________,but I had an unexpected visitor.

A. had B. would

C. was going to D. did

答案:1. A 2. A 3. D 4. C

动词 - 英语的短语动词与动词短语有何区别

短语动词

短语动词由动词加上介词或副词小品词构成。比如:

1. 由动词break构成的常见短语动词有:

break away (from) 突然逃离;断绝往来,脱离;改掉,破除

break down (机器等)坏了;(计划等)失败;(谈话等)中断;(健康等)变坏;感情失去控制

break in 突然进来,强行进入;插嘴,打岔;训练,使适应

break into 强行进入;突然…起来;打断,插嘴;占用时间

break off 停止讲话;暂停,休息;(使)折断

break out (火灾、战争等)突然发生,爆发

break through 突破;克服,征服;强行穿过;(太阳等)从云层里出来

break up 解散,驱散;(学校等)放假;结束,破裂;击碎;绝交

break with 与…绝交,与…决裂

2. 又如由bring构成的常用短语动词有:

bring about 引起,实现,导致

bring (a)round 使改变观点或看法;使苏醒;顺便把某人带来串门

bring back 送还;使想起,使恢复

bring down 击落;打死,打伤;使倒下;降低

bring forth 产生,引起,结果

bring in 收获;获利;介绍,引进;聘请;逮捕

bring off 从船上救出;设法做成

bring on 带来,引起;促使生长;帮助提高

bring out 取出,拿出;显示出,使出来;出版

bring over 说服,使改变(思想等)

bring through 使度过(困难,危机等)

bring together 使和解

bring up 提出,提起;抚养,培养;呕吐

这样的例子很多,欲需更详细的资料,可参考一本好的语法书,或上“英语语法网”查阅相关信息。

动词短语

动词短语由动词加上宾语或状语构成。如:

break a glass 打破一个玻璃杯

break one’s leg 摔断腿

break a window 打破窗户

break the rules 违反规定

break a bad habit 改掉坏习惯

break the world record 打破世界记录

bread easily 容易断

break to pieces 破成碎片

bring a book 带来一本书

bring sb sth 给某人带来某物(www.yygrammar.com)

bring sb great satisfaction 给某人带来极大的快慰

bring death and famine 导致死亡和饥荒

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